A cutting-edge brain implant is making history by empowering people with paralysis to perform certain actions and to control them from a commercial tablet device. Indeed the implant resulted from advanced scientific research from BrainGate in collaboration with Brown University, Stanford University, the Province Veterans Affairs Medical Centre, Massachusetts General Hospital, all these organizations located in the USA helps people with paralysis to control the tablet using their own thoughts. They directly operate the device by imagining the movements of the cursor.
People who lost motor abilities can now start using their own limbs by moving and controlling robotic arms. This occurs thanks to this avant-garde brain implant the size of a pill which receives the signals from the cortex area of the brain responsible for transmitting body movements and sends them to an external device such as this tablet.
The implant which detects and transmits the signals as well as the tablet used in this operation Google Nexus collaborates without error to successfully complete the tasks desired by the people with paralysis. Notably, the Google Nexus tablet was not specifically configured for these operations. The technology is also wireless Bluetooth and virtual mouse-based and initial tests were geared towards navigation of apps and moving from one application to another, creating email content, chats, searching for videos and text, for news feed, some applications including music or other streaming services.
The study and the tests performed by the participants who previously lost their motor abilities – due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or spinal cord injury – showed their capacity to make twenty-two selections, type up to thirty characters per minute and they used text interfaces and standard email. Others activities performed by the participants refer to simply navigating through world-wide-web topics and ideas, checking the weather and shopping. One of the persons with paralysis succeeded to play piano at a digital interface. The successful communication does not limit to people who suffer limb motor loss, it can also work for those with severe neurological disease, such as people who cannot articulate words and do need improvement in communication particularly with their healthcare providers.
This research produces a major opening to the independent communication with computers dramatically expanding the possibilities, creativity, and efficiency of brain-controlled interaction which would not be limited to humans only. It would extend to machines, specifically some robots used in the collaborative area of diverse industries.
Author: Cory Popescu